Puerto Limon, commonly known as Limon, is the capital city and main hub of Limon province, as well as of the canton of Limon in Costa Rica. It has a population of about 60,000 including surrounding towns and is home to a thriving Afro-Caribbean community. Part of the community traces its roots to Jamaican laborers who worked on a late nineteenth century railroad project that connected San Jose to Puerto Limon. Other parts of the population trace their roots to the Nicaraguan, Panamanian, and Colombian turtle hunters who eventually settled along the Province of Limon’s coast. Until 1948, the Costa Rican government did not recognize Afro-Caribbean people as citizens and restricted their movement outside Limon province. As a result of this travel ban, the Afro-Caribbean population became firmly established in the region, which influenced the decision to not move even after it was legally permitted.
The Afro-Caribbean community speaks Spanish and Limonese Creole, a creole of English. Puerto Limon contains two port terminals, Limon and Moin, which permit the shipment of Costa Rican exports, primarily banana, as well as the anchoring of cruise ships. Health care is provided for the city by Hospital Dr. Tony Facio Castro. A small island, Uvita Island, is just offshore.